Desulfurization Technologies for Sulfur Removal from Waste Oil to Euro IV 50ppm

2021-04-20

  The sulfur content in diesel has a great influence on the working life of the engine. Active sulfur can directly corrode metals, and in terms of active or inactive sulfides, Soz and S03 generated after combustion will form sulfite and sulfuric acid at high temperature when meeting water and steam generated by combustion, which will seriously corrode engine parts. When the sulfur-containing exhaust gas enters the cylinder wall and crankcase, the lubricating oil deteriorates.

 

  The different forms and content of sulfide in the coke deposit after combustion will cause the piston ring to jam, and the corrosion and wear of related parts will be intensified; the high sulfur content also puts forward the requirements of high TBN and high net dispersion for diesel engine oil, and will shorten the oil replacement cycle. In addition, the exhaust gas containing sulfide will seriously pollute the environment. For vehicle diesel engine, the particulate emission increases by 0.034g / (kW · h) with the increase of sulfur content by 0.1%. When the mass fraction of sulfur in diesel is reduced from 0.3% to 0.0596, the particulate pollution is reduced by 9%. Therefore, low sulfur or nonsulfur diesel is the inevitable requirement of diesel quality in the future.


  Yangjiang’s DSL diesel oil distillation and solvent extraction machines can work together, which can eliminate sulfur from commercial diesel fuel to produce EURO IV standard diesel, make the sulfur lower to 50ppm.

 

 

How to Eliminate Sulfur from the Waste Oil?

  Yangjiang adopts three methods Distillation+Solvent desulfurization, Oxidative desulfurization (ODS) and Adsorptive desulfurization to remove the sulfur.

Distillation+Solvent desulfurization flow chart:

 

 

  Desulfurizer catalyst reacts with waste oil first, pass the distillation process for separating gasoline and diesel, finally using solvent extraction techniques to remove sulfur and nitrogen compounds from the oil.

 

 

  The process is like the left picture: Two immiscible solutions of different densities are pumped into the extractor through two entrances respectively, and then rapidly mixed in the gap between the drum and the shell, and the mixed liquid enters the drum through the inlet at the bottom of the drum, and the accelerated heavy phase is thrown to the lateral side of the drum. the light phase remains on the inside of the heavy phase, the two-phase interface is between the light phase outlet and the heavy phase underflow channel, and the heavy phase underflow channel is in the upper part of the separation zone that composed of heavy phase enthalpy. 

 

 

  There are five centrifugal extractors in the SR, each centrifugal extractor represents a theoretical stage, five stages extractors, which combines the function of mixing and separation.

 

The Output Diesel Picture:

 

Oxidative Desulfurization (ODS)

  ODS is a promising technology for the reduction of sulfur at low temperature (∼50 °C) and atmospheric pressure In ODS, heavy sulfides are oxidized by adding one or two oxygen atoms to the sulfur using appropriate oxidants without breaking any carbon-sulfur bonds, yielding the sulfoxide and sulfone, respectively. These oxidized compounds are then extracted or adsorbed from the light oil due to their increased relative polarity. Thus, the ODS is basically a two-stage process; oxidation, followed by liquid extraction.
Oxidation of DBT to the corresponding sulfone can be represented as:

 

 

  Oxidation of the DBT derivatives to the corresponding sulfones increases their polarity and molecular weight. This facilitates their separation by extraction, distillation, or adsorption. Any of these separation methods could be used for the separation of sulfur from the organic phase.

 

Adsorptive Desulfurization Introduction

  Adsorption has been applied variously for the removal of sulfur compounds from liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Removal of DBT and other sulfur compounds has been studied over zeolites, aluminosilicates, activated carbon (AC), alumina, zinc oxide, etc.

 

Output Diesel Specification from Distillation Machine

Item Test standard result Standard value
Density(15℃) ASTM D1298 0.84    kg/l ----            kg/l
kinematic viscosity(40℃) ASTM D445 3.36    cst 1.6-5.8         cst
Flash point(closed cup) ASTM D93 60      ℃ ≥55            ℃
Pour point ASTM D97 -19      ℃ ≤ 0             ℃
Distillation temperature ASTM D86 204      ℃  -----            ℃
10% point 289      ℃ ≤300           ℃
50%point 344      ℃ ≤355           ℃
90% point 359      ℃ ≤365           ℃
95% point    
Cetane index ASTM D976 54.42 ≥45
Water content ASTM D95 Trace     %vol ≤Trace     %vol
Sulfur content ASTM D4045 Max 300ppm 350-500ppm
Color ASTM D1500 Max.2 3
Copper strip corrosion ASTM D130 Max.1 2
Ash content ASTM A482 0.05 %mass
Carbon Residue ASTM D189 0.2 0.5
Sediment ASTM D473 Max 0.01 % mass